Source: ARPHS, 10 Arpil 2017
As at 10 April 2017, the number of cases of typhoid in Auckland
remains unchanged for the fourth consecutive day.
There are 18 confirmed cases, one probable case and one further
case under investigation connected with this outbreak. Of these,
one person currently remains in hospital, following the discharge
of another patient in the past 24 hours.
The data reinforces ARPHS' view the outbreak may have plateaued.
All cases are connected to the same church group and those
considered to be at highest risk of contracting typhoid are being
closely monitored by ARPHS. At the moment, there is no evidence of
people from outside this group becoming infected.
Clarification of how typhoid spreads:
It is important to understand typhoid is only spread by eating
food or drinking water that is contaminated with faeces or urine
from a person who has the illness, or who may be a carrier of the
Casual social contact, such as hugging and kissing a person, is
not a significant risk. People can go about their daily activities
as normal, including attending church and other gatherings.
Good hygiene and food safety is always important when sharing
and handling food. Wash hands with soapy water for 20 seconds, then
dry well with a clean cloth or paper towel every time:
- after going to the toilet
- before preparing food, eating or drinking
- after changing babie's nappies
Once people are being effectively treated in hospital, the risk
of them spreading the disease is significantly minimised. It can
take a number of days of monitoring before they are fully cleared
by public health. Once cleared, there is no risk of them spreading
Typhoid has a typical incubation period of 8-14 days but
incubation can be up to 80 days. This means cases associated with
an outbreak may emerge over the course of several weeks.
Members of the general public who have concerns should visit
their GP, or call Healthline on 0800 611 116. Healthline has
translation services available 24/7.
For typhoid information and resources, including translations in
Samoan, please visit www.arphs.govt.nz/typhoid-response.