Soutce: HealthCentral.nz, 18 April 2018
The Whai Tikanga toolkit has been co-created by Wintec staff
member and clinical psychologist, Andre McLachlan in recognition of
the importance of using a Māori-centred approach for Māori clients
"By using a Māori-centred approach to therapy, practitioners can
utilise traditional Māori concepts of health and promote Māori
values," said McLachlan. "This can enhance engagement and
psychological outcomes for whanau."
The toolkit comprises four activities: Whai Tikanga values
cards, Te Whare Tapa Whā, a "Pleasant Events' schedule and
Korurangi. Each activity in the toolkit aims at helping whānau
explore what's important to them using traditional Māori
The Whai Tikanga values cards are a set of cards which have the
name and description of a Māori value on one side and a whakatauki
(Māori proverb) on the other side. Each card is aligned to one of
four wellbeing components from Ta Mason Durie's Te Whare Tapa Whā
model of wellbeing.
The Whai Tikanga 'Pleasant Events' schedule aligns with Te Whare
Tapa Whā, the four cornerstones or sides of Māori health and
provides a range of activities that people can use to strengthen
each aspect of their wellbeing. The Korurangi is an adapted version
of a sociogram where whānau are supported to explore their
relationships and support systems. These four activities culminate
in the development of Te Mahere Oranga - a wellbeing plan.
He said the practitioner can then work with whānau to explore
these values and start looking at how this person can start living
by these values. "This has the effect of addressing concerns by
increasing wellbeing and resilience through whakapapa korero
(original instructions/whānau narratives)".
He said the toolkit had now been used by grassroots
practitioners and clinicians - such as nurses, social workers,
counsellors and psychologists - across the country and had been
well-received and he had had "extremely positive feedback".
Whanganui-based clinical psychologist Dr Rebecca Wirihana uses
the cards regularly in group therapy and individual therapy. "I
find that people respond to the cards to such a degree that they
have actually asked to take them home to remind them of their
learnings. They are extremely useful for engagement, particularly
with their use of te reo Māori," she said. "Most importantly, they
can be used to identify the values people feel are important in
their lives and, as clinicians, this is integral to ensuring that
we are working in a manner that best suits their needs."
McLachlan said the toolkit requires practitioners to have a
thorough understanding of tikanga Māori, so it is mainly being used
by Māori practitioners. Wintec has partnered with Te Rau Matatini
and is exploring a digital version of the Whai Tikanga values cards
to make it more accessible for practitioners and whānau.
To find out more about the toolkit you can contact the Te Rau
Matatini Training Coordinator or watch an introductory
Read more about
Whai Tikanga Maori centered values.